Hoc Air Dryer

Hoc Air Dryer

A regenerative desiccant dryer, also known as a desiccant air dryer or simply a desiccant dryer, is a type of compressed air dryer that uses a desiccant material to remove moisture from the compressed air stream. Unlike refrigerated air dryers that cool the air to condense out moisture, desiccant dryers adsorb moisture from the air using a desiccant material such as silica gel or activated alumina.

Here's how a regenerative desiccant dryer typically operates:

  1. Adsorption Phase: Moisture-laden compressed air enters the desiccant dryer and passes through a bed of desiccant material. The desiccant adsorbs moisture from the air, trapping it within the desiccant particles and leaving the compressed air dry.

  2. Regeneration Phase: As the desiccant material becomes saturated with moisture over time, it needs to be regenerated to restore its adsorption capacity. During this phase, a portion of the dried compressed air is diverted from the main air stream and used to purge the desiccant bed.

  3. Heating: The purge air is heated to a high temperature, often using an external heater or blower, before being directed through the desiccant bed in the opposite direction of the airflow during adsorption. The high temperature causes the moisture adsorbed by the desiccant to evaporate and be carried away by the purge air.

  4. Cooling and Condensation: After passing through the desiccant bed, the purge air, now laden with moisture, is cooled down using a heat exchanger or other cooling mechanism. This causes the moisture to condense into liquid form, which is then drained from the system.

  5. Repressurization: The regenerated desiccant bed is repressurized to the operating pressure of the compressed air system, ready for the next adsorption phase.

Regenerative desiccant dryers are commonly used in applications where extremely low dew points are required or where the compressed air may be exposed to freezing temperatures downstream. They are often found in industries such as pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, electronics manufacturing, and laboratories, where moisture-sensitive processes or equipment are present. These dryers are available in various configurations, including heatless, heated, and blower purge designs, each suited for different operating conditions and requirements.

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